Uhu (parrotfish), kumu & moano (goatfish) are some of the most sought after fish (so ono!) throughout the islands, traditionally and still today. Currently, statewide, the only regulation on uhu is a minimum size of 12 inches, regardless of species or gender, while the regulation on kumu and moano are a minimum catch size of 10 and 7 inches, respectively. The existing regulations are problematic for several reasons, the female uhu are likely being fished before reaching reproductive size and the terminal males are a prized catch because of their larger size.
Uhu are protogynous hermaphrodites, they are born female and change to a male when they reach a certain size. Uhu also expressing sexual dichromatism, males having more color, ie, the bright blue colors, in comparison to the females.
The new proposed rules to be implemented on Maui will put a bag limit of 2 uhu per person per day, also regulating the smaller uhu including Scarus psittacus, Scarus dubius, Chlorurus spilurus, Calotomus zonarchus, and Calotomus carolinus to a 10 inch mimimum take size and the larger uhu, including Chlorurus perspicillatus, uhu ‘uli’uli and Scarus rubroviolaceus, palukaluka, to a minimum take size of 14 inches and no take of blue males. The rules also include new regulations on goatfish, with a minimum take size at 12 inches for Parupeneus porphyreus, kumu, Mulloidichthys pflugeri, weke nono, and Parupeneus cyclostomus, moana kea with additional bag limits for kumu at 1 fish per person per day and weke nono and moano kea at 2 fish per person per day.
The Board of Land and Natural Resources will consider the rules on Friday.
For the full news video with Hawaii News Now, click here.